There are two different strains of the herpes simplex virus, HSV-1 and HSV-2. HSV-1 does not normally cause genital symptoms, but it can in some cases. HSV-2 is easier to transmit and is the strain that most often causes a genital infection.
Symptoms of Herpes:
- Flu-like symptoms
- Painful urination
- Oozing ulcers
- Itching and burning around the site of the outbreak
- Redness around the site of an outbreak
- Some outbreaks can cause painful sores or blisters
- Genital scabs
Transmission of Herpes:
It is possible to contract HSV-1 through sexual or skin-to-skin contact. Genital herpes is sometimes spread through vaginal intercourse, but is more often spread through oral intercourse during an outbreak. The more common form of genital herpes is HSV-2. It is highly contagious and can be spread from skin-to-skin contact.
Type of Test for Diagnosis
Both the normal and early detection test for herpes require a simple blood sample.
There is currently no cure for herpes; however, treatment is available to reduce the occurrence of symptoms and transmission to others. The treatment is an antiviral medication.