The CDC has released its annual Surveillance Report, a collection of data based on state and local case reports of STD infections. The data is gathered throughout the year from a wide range of public and private sources. The majority of STD cases included in the CDC’s report were reported in non-STD clinic settings.
While many new STD cases go undiagnosed or unreported as is the case with chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, many other STDs such as HPV, herpes, and trichomoniasis are not routinely reported to the CDC. As such, the annual Surveillance Report only provides a glimpse into the reality of the prevalence of STDs across America. It does however give people important information regarding trends and distribution of specific STDs by area.
The CDC estimates that nearly 20 million new sexually transmitted infections occur every year in the United States. Half of those cases are reported to occur in people ages 15-24. While chlamydia saw a decrease of 1.5% in the amount of new cases, the number of new syphilis cases showed a dramatic increase of 10% over the previous year. The number of gonorrhea cases remained roughly unchanged from the previous year, with a reported 333,004 new cases of gonorrhea reported to the CDC.
With certain STD rates on the rise and others remaining as common, STD screening is critical to help prevent the further spread of these STDs and to help protect your own health.